Hand: beta, Exeter 3500
- Exeter 3500
beta - EXON Project
This hand may be recognised by its stable and distinctive nature; showing collaborations, ex.: likeness with ‘eta’ (master/amanuensis relationship?); blockiness (rho); finishing strokes on the baseline (r, s –diagonal–); minims with approach and finishing strokes; rotund and English-looking?; very vertical down-stroke in –orum which descends below the baseline as far as above.
a.- Pointed form in which its back very rarely goes over the often triangular bowl; looping tail (occasionally long) at word end.
d.- Both straight and round-backed forms in use. The former shows an ascender which is about 1mm high and often (but not always) has a triangular notch to the left (approach stroke). The ascender is occasionally seen leaning to the right too. The round form shows a straight, vertical ascender which is as high as that of the straight form – 1mm.
e.- Round back and projecting tongue which looks almost flat. Lower compartment barely rises from baseline.
h.- Left leg stands footed on the baseline while the right one may tuck in but it only occasionally reaches below the baseline. Ascender shows wedge on the left (approach stroke) and is about double minim height (2mm).
s.- Either standing on the line or just going beyond slightly. It normally shows a foot in the form of a finishing stroke to the left. Head is not normally completely round and it often shows a slopping stroke from the hood upwards. It may even seem flat.
t.- Curved shaft does not cross the horizontal stroke.
x.- Equal-limbed form, though left leg may occasionally reach below the baseline.
2. Treatment of minims, ascenders & descenders
Ascenders.- About twice minim height. In average, just under 2mm. They normally have an approach stroke that forms a triangular wedge on the left which may give them a forked appearance.
3. Form of capitals
A. Uncial form made of two strokes. Main one (forming the head and back of the graph) is thicker and shows an approach stroke at the top and curls upwards after reaching the baseline. The second is much thinner and forms a triangular bowl which may occasionally be left open.
F. Top horizontal stroke curls upwards.
W. Made of two superimposed Vs in which the left arm is longer and curled (though it doesn’t necessarily reach much higher) and the right one is straight, has a small approach stroke and reaches just over the headline.
4. Forms of punctuation
Punctus simplex seems to be only form of punctuation in use.
5. Form of paraph (gallows mark)
Simple, 3-stroke form. T-shaped top stroke.
6. Forms of abbreviation
Ampersand.- Squat form. Rather small form (often smaller that minim height). Final stroke starts well below the headline and curls down towards the main body of the graph, although it very often does not touch it. Even so, the point of (potential) contact is often rather low (even at the very end on the diagonal stroke (26v7).
et nota.- Not used.
-ur.- 2-shaped form where the final stroke remains horizontal, briefly curling upwards at the very end.
-us.- 9-shaped suspension mark out of synch with the words. It is written above the letter, not alongside it, and is separated from the main word by about 1-2mm.
-orum.- very vertical down-stroke which descends below the baseline as far as above.
q- forms.- qua with pointed a.
pr- forms.- par with open a.
other forms.- -bus formed with a semi-colon with two components occasionally attached (27v12).
7. Forms of suspension
-ct- ligature: N/A.
-rt- ligature: N/A.
9. Method and form of annotation (signes de renvoi?)
10. Method of correction and correction mark
Erasure and writing over the line (27r7). Words crossed out and correct form written on top (val& reddit 36r8, 12, 20) [Same correction found all through this quire – Q.7]. Addition of missing letters or numerals in margin (36r8).
11. Treatment of numerals
12. Proportions and measurements
13. Other idiosyncrasies (preferred spellings, usages, …)
What does he write?
King (Do) – 25v20-8r20
King (Queen Matilda) (Do) – 29r1-v14 [opens quire]
St Peter of Abbotsbury (Do) – 39r9-40v4
Abbot of Tavistock (Do) – 42r8-14
Roger Arundel (Do) – 50r1-16 [opens quire]
Bishop Osmund (So) – 154r15-v2 [ends quire]
Abbot of Buckfast (Dn) – 183r6-v15 [ends quire]
St Peter of Muchelney (So) – 189r13-v3 [ends quire]
St Peter of Athelney (So) – 191v13-20 [ends quire]
Count Eustace (So) – 282r1-v11 [opens quire]
Earl Hugh (Dn) – 286r14-20
Baldwin the Sheriff (So) – 315r12-v10 [ends quire]
Ralph de La Pommeraye (So) – 344r4-11
William de Falaise (Dn) – 367v1-8v19
Odo fitzGamelin (So) – 380r1 [rubric]
Thurstan fitzRolf (Dn) – 382r1-9 [opens quire]
Thurstan fitzRolf (So) – 384v4
William fitzGuy (So) – 386r20-21 [ends quire]
Goscelm and Walter (Co) – 397v1-6
Osbern Giffard (So) – 447r7-16
Walter Giffard (So) – 447r16-22
Matthew de Mortagne (So) – 450r16-17
Geld Accounts (Dn) – 69v1-2
Geld Accounts (So) – 82r17-82v20
Dorset Boroughs – 11r2-12v10 [ends quire]
Hundred List (Dn) – in 63r13-21
Hundred List (Co) – in 63v7-10
Hundred List (So) – in 64r15-14
Other relevant information