Hand: sigma, Exeter 3500
- Exeter 3500
This scribe may be recognised by his idiosyncratic –orum abbreviation; wide open descender of g with either flat end or tuning down; frequent enlarged minuscule with curling tongue for E; pointed uncial M; last in sequence of minims is extended below the baseline and turns left.
a.- Uncial form with back sometimes reaching over and leaning over the bowl.
d.-. Both straight-backed and round forms in use. The former shows an ascender with a wedge at the top and is about double minim height. Round d has a straight ascender rising at 45º. Occasionally it may turn up at the end.
e.- Broken back and lower component nearly (or actually) touching the projecting tongue, esp. at word end.
g.- Wide open tail nearly flat at the bottom which starts horizontally under the head (only just touching it). Not unlikely to find it finishing in a flick down.
h.- Left leg stands on the baseline whereas the right one may tuck in very slightly with the finishing stroke. The latter normally reaches below the baseline.
p.- Round head, approach stroke and straight descender with no finishing stroke.
s.- Reaches slightly below the baseline and is occasionally footed with a finishing stroke. It has a hood on the left and ascender may at times be pointed.
t.- Curved shaft does not cut across the horizontal bar, which occasionally curls up at the end (esp. at word end).
x.- Left leg is extended beyond the baseline and reaches underneath the previous letterform. It is also finished on an endstroke.
2. Treatment of minims, ascenders & descenders
Descenders.- Either simple straight descenders or turning slightly to the left (esp. p).
3. Form of capitals
E. Both rustic and enlarged minuscule forms in use. The latter seems to be favoured.
M. First half is closed while final stroke reaches below the baseline on a hairline. Both components are pointed at the top.
4. Forms of punctuation
Punctus simplex seems to be only form of punctuation in use.
5. Form of gallows mark
6. Forms of abbreviation
Ampersand.- Rather uncommon in comparison with et nota. It may be quite a wide form with a rather large first component and a diagonal stroke that is straight, reaches below the baseline and has a finishing stroke upwards. The second component has a very small eye (if at all) and the final stroke shows a downward endstroke. 8r30.
et nota.- 7-shaped with shallow indentation to the top. Finishing stroke at the bottom of the descender.
Overline.- 7-shaped, angled at 45º. Shallow cup-shaped.
-us.- Open 9-shape touching on the right hand side of the letter.
e cauda.- Open fish-bone type.
7. Forms of suspension
9. Method and form of annotation (signes de renvoi?)
10. Method of correction and correction mark
Dots underneath letters to be erased (de his 15v15).
Text considered unnecessary crossed out (but not ampersand) (7v7)
11. Treatment of numerals
Between dots. Last in sequence of minims is extended below the baseline and turns left.
12. Proportions and measurements
13. Other idiosyncrasies (preferred spellings, usages, …)
What does he write?
Other relevant information
Identified by Ker as the ‘Salisbury’ scribe: ‘the hand of a professional (?) scribe employed in making the early collection of books at Salisbury Cathedral.’ (Ker, 1977: p. 804).