Hand: omicron, Exeter 3500

Name
omicron
Manuscript
Exeter 3500
Script
Unspecified
Scribe
Unspecified
Date
None
Place
None

EXON Project

This hand may be recognised by its shaky and uneven nature, particularly visible in some instances of g and caroline s; the a-compartment in the ampersand is rather large esp. when used alongside numerals. Gallows mark with rounded top left corner. Overall, its size is considerably larger than most other hands (minims are consistently 2mm high, whereas in most other hands they are 1mm). The sense of irregularity may also be given by the fact that size of letterforms may vary within same/adjoining stints. [44v-45r]

1. Letterforms

a.- Uncial form in which bowl is sometimes rather large. Top leans over bowl in a variety of sizes.

d.- Round-backed d seems favoured. Ascender normally rises at 45º and is straight. At times it turns upwards at the very top, but this is far from common. Straight-backed d shows a wedge at the top of the ascender, which is about minim size (2mm).

e.- Eye tends to be rather small and projecting tongue normally ligatures with following letterform.

g.- Tail is consistently open, but its shape may show different degrees of angularity (from rather round and flat at bottom, to very angular as if made of 3 different strokes) [31v-32r].

h.- Normally, both legs stand vertically on the baseline.

p.- Small approach stroke and straight, unfooted descender (if somewhat shaky at times). Bowl is rather ‘squarish’.

s.- Stands on the baseline. Top is round (though on occasions too shaky).

t.- Normally descender does not cut across horizontal bar, although it is occasionally seen [31v21-22].

x.- Bottom limbs are slightly longer than top ones. Right leg finishes on a curl up. Left leg may occasionally (but not systematically) enlarged and reach below the baseline. Finishing flick up is barely visible.

2. Treatment of minims, ascenders & descenders

Minims .- About 2mm high. Normally showing a foot in the form of a short flick forward (not consistently seen).

Ascenders.- Mostly straight and showing nothing other than a tiny approach stroke. Occasionally, a more elaborate wedge is made on its top left. Variety of heights, but mostly between 2 (mostly) and 3mm (rare).

Descenders.- Straight and simple. Between 2 and 3mm long.

3. Form of capitals

A. Enlarged form of this scribe’s minuscule uncial a. Bowl is occasionally large and lozenge-like. Top may lean over it at different degrees (sometimes it may be rather angular).

S. Short curls at both ends. Top one may be rather angular (giving the form a kind of 5-shape)

4. Forms of punctuation

Punctus simplex seems to be only form of punctuation in use.

5. Form of paraph (gallows mark)

Top left corner is normally rounded. Top stroke is also wavy and ends on a tiny flick up (or blot of ink). (Very) occasional curl at bottom of vertical stroke too.

6. Forms of abbreviation

Ampersand.- a-component is consistently large; lower component is either straight or slightly curved and may often reach below the baseline; tongue is either straight or curved upwards with an approach stroke at top (exactly like cross-stroke found in some abbreviated forms across the ascenders of (b, d, h, l).

et nota.- Not used.

Overline.- Curls up with tiny approach stroke at top of higher right end.

-ur.- Down-faced 2 shape with extended tail rising at 45º (sometimes less).

-us.- 9-shaped suspension above the letter, sometimes wider and with extended lower section touching on letter below. Also found alongside letter [45r7].

-orum.- 2-shaped r crossed by a straight stroke with tiny approach and finishing strokes at both ends [monacorum 44v19]. Cross may happen below baseline as lower section of r curls downwards [pastorum 53r8].

q- forms.-

e cauda.- y-shaped (or 4-shaped), used both with e and q. Incidentally, also used on with p [44v13].

pr- forms.-

other forms.-

est.- Not found.

7. Forms of suspension

8. Ligatures

-ae-

-ct- ligature: 44v19

-rt- ligature

-st- ligature: Not always used. Rather low joining stroke. Not extended over usual height of s.

-or-: Common use, though by no means consistent. See 45r8 'bordarios' and 45r9 'porcos'.

9. Method and form of annotation (signes de renvoi?)

10. Method of correction and correction mark

Erasure, interlinear insertion, erasure + correction,

11. Treatment of numerals

Numerals tend to be enlarged, alongside any preceding ampersand. At times the minims may be up to 3mm high (minims are normally no more than 2mm).

12. Proportions and measurements

Codicology

- Pricking.-

- Ruling.-

13. Other idiosyncrasies (preferred spellings, usages, …)

-

What does he write?

King (Queen Matilda) (Do) – 29v17-30r10

King (Queen’s Knights) (Do) – 31r7-2r12

Countess of Boulogne (Do) – 33r16-20

Abbot of Athelney (Do) – 41r1-9

St Peter of Milton (Do) – 44v4-5r10

Roger Arundel (Do) – 51v6-52r8

Serle de Burcy (Do) – 53r1-15

Hugo fitzGrip’s Wife (Do) – 58r18-v3; 61v18-20 (unidentified?) [ends quire]

Goscelm of Exeter (?) – 398r1-7

Previously unidentified stints (Flight)

Hugo fitzGrip’s Wife (Do) – 61v18-20 [ends quire]

William de Moyon (Do) – 49v1

Other relevant information

Short stint at 61v18-20, which Flight leaves as unidentified, seems to be the work of omicron despite its small size (presumably due to lack of space as end of quire): shape of ampersand, esp. little approach stroke at top of tongue; shape of overline; descender of g (though only one instance in the two and a half lines and not clearly seen); form of x, with two lower limbs on baseline; short ascenders for most part; shape of Gallows mark with rounded top left angle.

a, Caroline

a, Caroline. omicron

a, Caroline. omicron
b

b. omicron

b. omicron

b. omicron
c

c. omicron

c. omicron
d, Angled-back

d, Insular. omicron

d, Insular. omicron

d, Insular. omicron

d, Insular. omicron

d, Insular. omicron

d, Insular. omicron
d, Caroline

d, Caroline. omicron

d, Caroline. omicron

d, Caroline. omicron
e

e. omicron

e. omicron
e caudata

e caudata. omicron

e caudata. omicron
f, Caroline

f, Caroline. omicron

f, Caroline. omicron
g, Caroline

g, Caroline. omicron

g, Caroline. omicron

g, Caroline. omicron

g, Caroline. omicron

g, Caroline. omicron
h, Caroline

h, Caroline. omicron

h, Caroline. omicron

h, Caroline. omicron

h, Caroline. omicron
i

i. omicron

i. omicron
l

l. omicron

l. omicron

l. omicron
m

m. omicron

m. omicron

m. omicron

m. omicron

m. omicron
n

n. omicron

n. omicron

n. omicron

n. omicron

n. omicron

n. omicron
o

o. omicron

o. omicron
p

p. omicron

p. omicron

p. omicron

p. omicron
q

q. omicron

q. omicron

q. omicron
r, 2-shaped

r, 2-shaped. omicron
r, Caroline

r, Caroline. omicron

r, Caroline. omicron
s, Caroline

s, Caroline. omicron

s, Caroline. omicron

s, Caroline. omicron

s, Caroline. omicron

s, Caroline. omicron
t

t. omicron

t. omicron

t. omicron
u

u. omicron

u. omicron
v

v. omicron

v. omicron
V

V. omicron
x

x. omicron

x. omicron
&

&. omicron

&. omicron

&. omicron

&. omicron

&. omicron

&. omicron

&. omicron
Gallows Mark

Gallow Mark. omicron

Gallow Mark. omicron

Gallow Mark. omicron

Gallow Mark. omicron
overline, abbrev. stroke

abbrev. stroke. omicron

abbrev. stroke. omicron

abbrev. stroke. omicron

abbrev. stroke. omicron

abbrev. stroke. omicron

abbrev. stroke. omicron
ligature

ligature. omicron

ligature. omicron