Hand: theta, Exeter 3500
- Exeter 3500
This hand may be recognised by the tail of g which has a short neck and is lozenge-shaped and closed; capital Uncial M in which the first two legs are closed in a circle and the third is extended below the baseline; small and curled overline which may appear closed; Gallows mark with curls coming out of three corners. Also, both minims and bodies of letters are rather small (1mm).
a.- Uncial form with a very small head (back only slightly rising above bowl).
e.- Angular lower section and horizontal tongue at word end.
g.- Tail starts off from the right side of the head with a short neck and is lozenge-shaped and closed.
h.- Shaft ends in triangular serif and rests on the baseline. Right leg tucks in and stays on the baseline.
p.- Approach stroke, round head and vertical descender.
t.- Vertical stroke goes across the horizontal one.
x.- Left leg is extended and curls upwards reaching below the previous letter.
2. Treatment of minims, ascenders & descenders
Ascenders.- Double the size of minims (2mm), often longer. The show a triangular serif on the left at the top.
Descenders.- Plain vertical shaft with no ‘foot’ or finishing stroke.
3. Form of capitals
L. With a horizontal stroke on top of the ascender.
M. Uncial form with the first two legs form a closed circle and the third is extended below the baseline.
4. Forms of punctuation
Punctus simplex seems to be only form of punctuation in use.
5. Form of paraph (gallows mark)
Very fancy form with decorative curls in all three points. Also, the triangular body of the mark is made of a number of lines that serve to fill in the space. Very similar form found in following page (266r11), in section copied by alpha. The same happens in 268r (theta) and 268v-269r (alpha).
6. Forms of abbreviation
Ampersand.- Only used within at word end (ual&). Rather small form, in line with other forms in this hand. Lower component often reaches below the baseline and tongue, which is nearly horizontal, starts from half-way down that lower component.
Overline.- Rather small and curled upwards. At times it is almost closed.
-us.- Suspension mark is attached to letter.
e cauda.- ‘Cedilla’ is normally a slightly wavy line which occasionally may be straight (268r18 pascuę). The corresponding mark of abbreviation is not as often used as in other hands, but when so it is more stylised/carefully formed.
pr- forms.- .
7. Forms of suspension
9. Method and form of annotation (signes de renvoi?)
Interlinear insertions, marginal insertions (with signes de renvoi?).
10. Method of correction and correction mark
Underlined word (268r10); erasures.
11. Treatment of numerals
The last in a sequence of minims is often (not consistently) extended below the baseline.
12. Proportions and measurements
Minims about 1mm, ascenders about 2mm or more.
13. Other idiosyncrasies (preferred spellings, usages, …)
What does he write?
King (Wulfweard the White) (So) – 116r18-v2
Bishop Osmund (So) – 154r1-14 [opens quire]
Bishop Giso (So) – 157r6-60r20 [ends quire]
Abbot of Glastonbury (So) – 161r9-19
St Peter of Muchelney (So) – 188r8-9r12
St Peter of Athelney (So) – 191r10-19
Count Eustace (So) – 283r7-12
Earl Hugh (So) – 286v18-7r3 [ends quire]
William de Moyon (So) – 360v13-2v10
Alfred d'Epaignes (So) – 373v17-4r6
William d'Eu (So) – 439r5-14 [ends quire]
Gilbert fitzTurold (So) – 446r1-5 [opens quire]
Osbern Giffard (So) – 447r1-6
Matthew de Mortagne (So) – 450r18-v3 [ends quire]
Other relevant information